Development status and existing problems of smart agriculture
Development status of smart agriculture in China
The development of “Internet plus agriculture” is increasingly supported by the government. From national level to the provincial level, provincial level to the township (town) level. from the eastern coastal developed areas to inland northwest less developed areas, at all levels of the government’s strong support and. Helped wisdom agriculture according to different areas in China’s agricultural production conditions and characteristics of the regionalization. Has obtained the certain result,At present, precision agricultural machinery based on information technology. Internet of Things, big data, cloud computing, geographic information system and 5G technology are being applied in various agricultural production management and operation fields.
However, the development of smart agriculture in China started late, the overall level is low; the general quality of agricultural producers and operators is not high; the lack of ideological understanding; and the high cost in the process of production and operation are important bottlenecks restricting the development. Solving these adverse factors will be the direction of efforts in the future.
Lack of high-quality agricultural production management talents
In the process of agricultural development in China is mainly dominated by traditional agriculture, small scale of production. The business scope of a single and scattered, engaged in agricultural production operator level is low. A grave shortage of highly educated talents in agriculture, but the wisdom agriculture involving multiple disciplines. To the talent quality, expertise, equipment, information, etc all have high requirements,And our country’s main agricultural practitioners aging serious, high education, high-quality talents continue to flow out.
The left-behind population in rural areas are mainly elderly people, children and women, with low education level. Especially low acceptance of agricultural informatization, low Internet penetration rate, insufficient ideological understanding, backward agricultural production mode and serious lack of endogenous motivation, which are the fundamental reasons for the slow development of smart agriculture.
The modern agricultural scientific research system is not perfect and the ability of popularization is insufficient
China’s modern agricultural scientific research system is under development, with insufficient investment in RESEARCH and development and insufficient ability to transfer and transform scientific research achievements. The government, research institutes, universities, farmers, enterprises and cooperatives have failed to establish a unified system. And scientific research achievements cannot be effectively translated.
On the one hand, agriculture needs a large amount of long-term investment, and agricultural research progress is relatively slow, which cannot be applied to practice in a short period of time
On the other hand, the promotion and application of scientific research achievements is not strong, the regional differences are obvious. There is no efficient classification of the operation system, there is no unified standard in the actual promotion, resulting in the development of smart agriculture in China is limited.
Agricultural informatization is relatively backward
Natural information and market information are the necessary conditions for its normal operation.
First, due to slow information dissemination, single source and long transmission chain. Farmers were unable to obtain accurate, timely and accurate agricultural information from various sources, leading to blind crop planting. Failure to synchronize with the market, and scientific decisions, resulting in low output value of agricultural products.
Second, there are many levels and long chains of information communication between the government and farmers, and there is little interactive information between farmers and the government, experts and the market. The system is slowly established and cannot be effectively connected.In recent years, rural e-commerce platforms have developed rapidly, but rural transportation facilities, network services, logistics conditions, processing and storage are still weak, which restricts the efficient utilization and development of agricultural informatization.
Smart agricultural infrastructure is backward, and the degree of mechanical and equipment modernization is low
Many current rural agricultural cultivated land equipment is relatively backward. Still take the past way of cultivated land, small machinery, large modern agricultural machinery facilities is less, and the traditional agriculture in China is mainly based on the family as the unit of decentralized management pattern. Cultivated land type more complex samples, such as segmentation of farmland. Slopes and terraces led to large machines cannot be used in practical production.In addition, farmers are unable to buy agricultural machinery due to its low quantity and high price in the market. In terms of irrigation implementation. They still mainly rely on canals and adopt traditional flood irrigation, resulting in a large waste of water resources.For efficient water-saving sprinkler irrigation, drip irrigation and other only in local areas built.Therefore, China’s smart agriculture infrastructure conditions are backward, mechanization, modernization, intelligent level is low, seriously restrict the development of China’s smart agriculture.